Insights on Vata, Pitta & Kapha
by Ashok Joshi on Jan 21, 2023
India is blessed with Ayurveda for more than 5000 years. It is also known as a super healer as it involves healing the body. The word Ayurveda is Sanskrit means the science of longevity or the science of life. From ancient times the Vedic culture was transmitted orally from the gurus to their followers. The basic aim is to encourage good health and create a balance between mind, spirit, and body. Ayurvedic medicinal composition aims at stopping and curing processes.
Ayurveda system believes that the human body is made up of five universal elements which are earth, air, water, fire, and space. Since the Ayurveda lifestyle rests on the tripod of mind and body, a specific balance of these five universal elements, known as doshas, ??exists among us in various degrees. The body is said to be in good health when these doshas are in a flawless state of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha balance.
But in the human body usually, one dosha has a predominance over the others. Apart from this, each controls different functions of the body and it gives information about your chances of getting sick. The balance of the doshas is directly related to the health problems that develop in the body.
Space and air form Vata which denotes the energy of body movements while Pitta formed by the water and fire element controls digestion and metabolism. Kapha is made up of earth and water which govern the composition and lubrication of the body.
Dosha balance or balance is disturbed due to unhealthy diet, emotional imbalance, stress and trauma, and unhealthy lifestyle, etc. Thus there is a need to manipulate the 3 doshas as per the need to keep up dosha balance and achieve good health. Each body has these 3 doshas but the prominence differs as one can project the other too low and the third the least
Summary of the three faults:
1. Vata: The Ayurvedic fraternity considers Vata to be the most prominent and powerful dosha. It controls the basic functions of the body whether it is mental or physical. From the division of cells to breathing, the functioning of the heart, blood flow to the blinking of the eyes, and even the intestines are controlled by Vata. Balancing Vata means a lively person full of energy. It can be interrupted by fear or grief or by eating intermittently and sleeping at odd hours. Proper relaxation helps in maintaining Vata dosha. Vata imbalance leads to dry skin and hair, asthma, heart disease, arthritis, etc.
2. Pitta: Pitta is basically a fire element. The dominance of pitta can be seen in people with strong willpower and determination and people with leadership talent. Pitta controls your body's metabolism, how food is broken down and digested. It also regulates body temperature and certain hormones that are directly linked to hunger. Pitta imbalance occurs due to consumption of spicy food or exposure to excessive sunlight. This imbalance can lead to high blood pressure, chronic diseases, ulcers, and other inflammatory disorders such as inflammation. Balance can be achieved through meditation, relaxing the body while inhaling natural scents like rose, lavender, and mint, etc. Massage also helps with pitta dosha.
3. Kapha: This Dosha maintains the immunity of the body. It is mainly responsible for nutrition and lubrication. People with Kapha dominance are said to be considerate, calm, and stable. To maintain balance, gentle exercise, stimulating activities and additional intake of fluids can keep energy flowing. Kapha is mainly responsible for digestion, and the body-building process.
What determines your fault?
The human body is made up of 5 elements- air, sky, earth, water, and fire. The combination of these five elements determines the 'Prakriti' or constitution of the individual. Ayurveda tells the combination of these five elements into three Doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Although every human body is made from all three Doshas, ??each body has a different combination, and this genetically determines the inherited physical and personality traits. Throughout one's life, these formations can change on physical, mental, and emotional grounds. It is important to identify one's faults and then create an appropriate lifestyle for that.
Ayurveda divides the different body types into seven-part. Therefore, a person can be: Vata, pitta, Kapha, Vata-pitta, pitta-Kapha, Vata-Kapha, or tri-dosha. However, there is no 'best' or 'perfect' body type or flaw. Each one has its advantages and disadvantages.
How to balance your Dosha
The imbalance of Dosas in your body can be controlled with the help of hot oil massage, yoga, and your diet. We should consume some food items while staying away from some for the balance of our body. We should take a light, low-fat diet with bitter, pungent, and astringent food instead of unhealthy excessive food. Include boiled or raw vegetables, ripe fruits, grains like oats, ragi, barley, and millet, honey, and strong spices like black pepper, cardamom.